+ Q: Do you need a degree to teach English abroad?
You need to have at least a Bachelor's degree to teach English abroad. While some countries require you to have an actual teaching certification, you don't need to have a teaching degree in Korea or many other Asian countries. Obviously, being a certified teacher will open more doors for you and increase the likelihood that you'll start off in a good, well paying position.
+ Q: Do you need a TEFL Certificate?
While a TEFL certification isn't required in Korea, It can increase your chances of being considered for a job and of receiving a higher starting salary. Though I wouldn't recommend online programs (or oxford), I think something In the country you're considering is beneficial in more ways than one.
+ Q: What TEFL program did you go through?
I received my TEFL certification through Oxford Seminars. As far as useful information and materials go, I didn't find the program to be that beneficial. On the other hand, a friend of mine did their TEFL certification course IN Asia. I personally think something like this is much more practical. Not only does it give you the chance to get first-hand experience teaching in ESL classrooms, it also gives you a chance to get over your initial Asia culture shock before you begin your job... (I arrived at my apartment in Korea at 10 p.m. on a Wednesday night, and, culture shocked and jet-lagged, was at work for my first day of training at 9 a.m. on Thursday morning).
+ Q: Is picking a city up to me or does the recruiter just place me?
Picking a city can be up to you.While you can just tell recruiting agencies a country or general area you'd like to work in, in my opinion, you should do your research and look for jobs in the specific cities you're considering. Recruiters are mostly localized, so search for agencies or job openings in the areas you'd most prefer to be located.
+ Q: Why did you choose Korea?
Korea hands down has the best benefits for first year teachers (who don't have a university teaching degree). In addition to having considerably high starting salaries, most schools offer housing, airfare (or airfare reimbursement), and partial health insurance coverage. I wanted to be able to work, save, and travel, and Korea was absolutely the best place to do it. It isn't too far from other places in Asia, so flights are affordable.
I've also found that the country itself is incredibly underrated. I've really enjoyed getting the chance to travel around Korea and experience the culture here.
...Not to mention the fact that the kids are absolutely adorable.